Document Detail

Cariogenicity of different commercially available bovine milk types in a biofilm caries model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24717697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to assess the cariogenicity of commercial bovine milk types in an experimental biofilm/caries model.
METHODS: Enamel and dentin slabs were used to grow biofilms of Streptococcus mutans UA159. Slabs/biofilms were exposed three times per day to commercial skim, semi-skim, whole, whole lactose-free, and whole with 10 percent sucrose-added bovine milk and to 10 percent sucrose and 0.9 percent sodium chloride as positive and negative caries-control, respectively. Biofilms were analyzed for bacterial counts, biomass, proteins, and polysaccharide production. Slab's demineralization was assessed by loss of surface microhardness and the biofilm acidogenicity by medium pH.
RESULTS: Only whole and whole lactose-free milk kept pH above the demineralization threshold, inducing the lowest demineralization in both enamel and dentin (P<.05). Skim and semi-skim milk induced similar demineralization to the sucrose control, albeit slightly lower for semi-skim milk (P<.05). Whole and whole lactose-free milk produced lower biomass and less insoluble polysaccharides than the other treatments in enamel and dentin (P<.05). Adding 10 percent sucrose to whole milk turned it as cariogenic as 10 percent sucrose solution.
CONCLUSION: Bovine whole milk seemed less cariogenic than sucrose and the other commercial milk types, but not anticariogenic. Fat content in milk seemed to reduce cariogenicity of the fluid.
Rodrigo A Giacaman; Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval
Related Documents :
24902707 - Effects of dietary gossypol concentration on growth performance, blood profiles, and he...
23605277 - Effects of deoxynivalenol (don) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and don m...
23501247 - The effect of palm oil or canola oil on feedlot performance, plasma and tissue fatty ac...
25023807 - Effects of wet corn distiller's grains with solubles on visceral organ mass, trace mine...
9530137 - Brown fat is essential for cold-induced thermogenesis but not for obesity resistance in...
7272337 - Effect of thyroid hormones on acid cholesterol ester hydrolase activity in rat liver, h...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric dentistry     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1942-5473     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909102     Medline TA:  Pediatr Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Next Document:  Effect of Palonosetron on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Children Following Dental Rehabilitat...