Document Detail


Caries experience and fluorosis prevalence in Chilean children from different socio-economic status.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8871025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Caries experience and enamel fluorosis prevalence in 8-year-old children belonging to different socio-economic classes were determined in two Chilean twin cities that are served by optimally fluoridated community water from the same waterworks facility. Low socio-economic status (LSES) children had a higher mean dmft and DMFT indices (P < 0.001) than high socioeconomic status (HSES) children. Prevalence of enamel fluorosis in the permanent teeth of LSES children was 0.79, significantly higher (chi 2 = 9.0; P < 0.003) than the value 0.59 found in HSES children. The proportion of Dean's scores 2, 3, 4 and 5 in first molars, mandibular and maxillary incisors in LSES children was higher than in HSES children (P < 0.001). Differences in prevalence and severity of enamel fluorosis between both groups are tentatively attributed to a different pattern of tap water and tea consumption at pre-school ages. Suggestions are advanced to minimize the undesirable prevalence and severity of enamel fluorosis.
Authors:
A E Villa; S Guerrero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Community dentistry and oral epidemiology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0301-5661     ISO Abbreviation:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-14     Completed Date:  1997-01-14     Revised Date:  2009-01-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410263     Medline TA:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-7     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, INTA, Universidad de Chile.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Chile / epidemiology
DMF Index
Dental Caries / epidemiology*
Drinking
Fluoridation
Fluorosis, Dental / epidemiology*
Humans
Incisor / pathology
Mandible
Maxilla
Molar / pathology
Prevalence
Social Class*
Tea
Water
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tea; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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