Document Detail

Carer reports of health status among adults with intellectual/developmental disabilities in Taiwan living at home and in institutions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17300413     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the health status of a cohort of adults with intellectual/developmental disabilities (I/DD) residing in family homes or institutions in Taiwan and to examine whether morbidity varied with age, sex, existing diagnosis [Down syndrome (DS), seizures, cerebral palsy (CP), intellectual disability (ID) level] and residential status. METHODS: Systematic randomization based on geographic areas was employed for sampling selection. Primary carers were interviewed to provide health-related information on individuals with I/DD aged 33 years or older living in institutions (n = 614) or living with their family (n = 514) in Taiwan. RESULTS: Cardiovascular, neurological, visual and hearing impairments increased with age; while gastrointestinal, endocrine, infectious and dermatological diseases did not, after adjusting for sex, level of ID, presence of DS, seizures or CP, across settings. Institution cohorts were more likely to have infectious diseases, skin diseases, hepatitis or to be hepatitis carriers, and to have psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Organ system morbidity increased with age and generally was influenced by the same factors as have been reported for cohorts in western countries. The results also suggest that disease/condition outcomes may vary or be influenced differentially by residential setting.
K-Y Wang; K Hsieh; T Heller; P W Davidson; M P Janicki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0964-2633     ISO Abbreviation:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-15     Completed Date:  2007-04-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206090     Medline TA:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  173-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Social Welfare, National Chung Cheng University, Ming-Hsiung, Chia-yi. Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Developmental Disabilities / epidemiology*
Health Status*
Institutionalization / statistics & numerical data*
Medical Records
Mental Retardation / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Observer Variation
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
Taiwan / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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