Document Detail

Cardiovascular responses to blood transfusion in children with anemic heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23238192     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Introduction: This study evaluated the cardiovascular responses to blood transfusion in children with anemic heart failure using mostly clinical parameters. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients with anemic heart failure presenting to a children's emergency room and requiring blood transfusion were assessed for heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), liver size, and oxygen saturation (O 2 sat) pre-transfusion, 1-2 h into transfusion (intra-transfusion), immediate post-transfusion, and at late post-transfusion (24 h later). Results: A total of 75 patients were recruited of which 46 (61.3%) were males. Their mean age was 43.8 ± 40.3 months while their mean PCV at presentation was 15.0 ± 4.5%. There was a significant mean net reduction of 10 beat per minute (bpm) between the pre (139.7 ± 25.2 bpm) and intra-transfusion (129.6 ± 22.0 bpm) HR, P = 0.0004. The mean net reduction of 4 cycles/ min between the pre and intra-transfusion RR was also significant, P = 0.0033. The two parameters declined in values subsequently. Conclusion: The HR and RR are two easily measurable indices with reduction in HR and RR by 10 bpm and 4 cycles/min, respectively, from pre-transfusion to intra-transfusion observations.
W E Sadoh; A E Sadoh; M Okposio
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nigerian journal of clinical practice     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1119-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  Niger J Clin Pract     Publication Date:    2012 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101150032     Medline TA:  Niger J Clin Pract     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  424-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.
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