Document Detail

Cardiovascular response to exercise in elite ice hockey players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15266359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: High-performance ice hockey requires unique strength and endurance, which are facilitated by training. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cardiovascular response to training and competition at rest and during recumbent bicycle echocardiography Doppler exercise in 26 elite ice hockey players, and to compare the results with those of 14 healthy, active, young male student volunteers. METHODS: Two-dimensional echocardiography Doppler was applied to determine cardiac chamber size and wall thickness, and to estimate rest and exercise tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity (TRV), stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output. RESULTS: The left atrium, interventricular septal thickness, and left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic diameters and volumes were larger in athletes. During exercise, the systolic and diastolic blood pressure increments were similar in the athletes and the control subjects, but the increase in heart rate (HR) per stage was greater in the control subjects. TRV was higher in the athletes and increased at each step to 240 W, while the TRV in the control group began to decline at 160 W. The cardiac output increased with each stage in both groups, but was determined by the increment of SV and HR in the athletes, and primarily by HR in the control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial adaptation for elite ice hockey players is characterized by increased chamber size and wall thickness typical of combined endurance and sprint sports. The systemic blood pressure response to exercise is similar in athletes and nonathletes. The higher TRV at rest and at each level of exercise appears to be related to the higher SV, an expression of a physiological phenomenon.
Eduardo Bossone; Olga Vriz; Bruno Dino Bodini; Melvyn Rubenfire
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of cardiology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0828-282X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-21     Completed Date:  2004-09-17     Revised Date:  2008-04-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510280     Medline TA:  Can J Cardiol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  893-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Respiratory Diseases, University of Milan, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiovascular System* / ultrasonography
Echocardiography, Doppler
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Exercise Tolerance / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Reference Values
Stroke Volume / physiology
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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