Document Detail


Cardiovascular and respiratory consequences of body warming during hypoxia in conscious newborn cats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8798237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acute hypoxia in newborns of various species including humans is associated with decreased thermogenesis and a fall in body temperature. We have investigated the cardiorespiratory consequences of correcting the fall in colonic temperature (Tc) during acute hypoxia in newborn cats. Experiments were conducted on 21 unanesthetized kittens (12 +/- 1 d SEM, 244 +/- 8 g) instrumented with catheters in the left common carotid artery and superior vena cava for measurements of systemic arterial pressure, central venous pressure, heart rate, arterial blood gases, arterial O2 saturation (SaO2) and mixed venous O2 saturation. Oxygen consumption (VO2) and CO2 production (VCO2) were also measured. Alveolar ventilation (VA), cardiac index (CI), and systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) were calculated. These determinations were made in 21% O2 at an ambient temperature (Tamb) of 25 degrees C, and after 80 min of exposure to Fio2 = 0.10. In one group Tamb was maintained at 25 degrees C (n = 8) during hypoxia and Tc fell by 2.7 +/- 0.4 degrees C whereas in a second group Tamb was increased to 35 degrees C for the second 40 min of hypoxia to raise Tc the prehypoxic level (n = 13). VO2, VCO2, VA, SaO2, and systemic arterial pressure during hypoxia did not differ between the animals which were warmed and those which were not. However, CI and heart rate were greater (452 +/- 23 versus 346 +/- 30 mL.min-1.kg-1 p < 0.05, 279 +/- 8 versus 228 +/- 12 beats.min-1 p < 0.05) and SVRI lower (0.115 +/- 0.022 versus 0.153 +/- 0.014 mm Hg.mL-1.min.kg, p < 0.05) during hypoxia in the warmed animals compared with the unwarmed group. Thus, artificially raising Tc during hypoxia resulted in peripheral vasodilation, whereas systemic arterial pressure was maintained by the increase in cardiac output. We conclude that, in the hypoxic kitten, raising Tc to normoxic values elicits a response that may reflect a condition of relative hyperthermia.
Authors:
C V Rohlicek; C Saiki; T Matsuoka; J P Mortola
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0031-3998     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-03     Completed Date:  1996-12-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Blood Gas Analysis
Blood Pressure / physiology
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Cardiac Output / physiology
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena*
Cats
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Male
Respiration / physiology*
Vascular Resistance / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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