Document Detail


Cardiovascular recovery from laboratory stress: biopsychosocial concomitants in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7636779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although cardiovascular recovery may be important to long term cardiovascular health, its biopsychosocial correlates have received much less attention than the correlates of cardiovascular reactivity. Of the few studies that have examined recovery, fewer still have examined men and women over 60 yr of age. This study examined relationships of psychosocial factors (e.g. state anxiety, anger, avoidance coping, Type A behavior, etc.) with recovery in 186 older married men (n = 63) and women (n = 123) (mean age = 69.7 +/- 6.1 yr). Regressions were performed to explain recovery variability in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) in response to emotional and cognitive tasks. In each analysis, we controlled for the effects of gender, type of task, reactivity to the task, and other important covariates. Individuals with slower recovery had higher scores on anxiety (for SBP, p < 0.03 and DBP, p < 0.01), higher scores on avoidance coping (for DBP and HR, p < 0.01), and lower scores on anger held in (for DBP, p < 0.01). Psychosocial factors may be important in explaining recovery in older adults.
Authors:
P P Vitaliano; J Russo; V M Paulsen; S L Bailey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0022-3999     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-11     Completed Date:  1995-09-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  361-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Age Factors
Aged / psychology
Aging
Anxiety / diagnosis,  psychology*
Blood Pressure*
Female
Health Status
Heart Rate
Humans
Life Change Events
Male
Mental Processes
Middle Aged
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK38516/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; MO1-RR00037/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 MH-43267-02/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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