Document Detail


Cardiovascular reactivity of patients with essential and renal hypertension in an emotion-triggering interview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17348427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Blood pressure reactivity to mental stress in hypertensives is much higher than in normotensives. The authors' aim in this study was to examine whether different cardiovascular responses can be induced by various stimuli in hypertensive subgroups. The authors matched 10 essential hypertensives (EHs), 10 renal hypertensives (RHs), and 10 normotensives (Ns) according to age and gender examined them during an emotion-stimulating interview, and measured blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during the phases of the interview. They observed differences in BP reactivity between EHs/RHs and Ns under some stimuli but not between EHs and RHs, as well as a marked difference in the product of systolic BP (SBP) and HR between both hypertensive groups in the anger/rage phase (p = .028) and the baseline 2 (p = .02). This shows a higher cardiovascular activation under mental stress and a lower recovery in EHs and more sensitivity to perturbation or higher central tension compared with RHs.
Authors:
Hans-Christian Deter; Angela Blecher; Cora S Weber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0896-4289     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Med     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-12     Completed Date:  2007-05-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804264     Medline TA:  Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Charlité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany. deter@charite.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anger / physiology
Arousal / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Emotions / physiology*
Female
Heart Rate / physiology*
Humans
Hypertension / physiopathology*,  psychology
Hypertension, Renal / physiopathology*,  psychology
Interview, Psychological*
Male
Middle Aged
Rage / physiology
Reference Values
Stress, Psychological / complications,  physiopathology
Systole / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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