Document Detail


Cardiovascular physiology during supine cycle ergometry and dobutamine stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12972869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study compared cardiac hemodynamics during supine cycle ergometry and dobutamine stress. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy volunteers (19 female, 13 male, 23.5 +/- 3.5 yr old) completed respective tests on separate days and in random order. Heart rate, blood pressure, and cardiac output were recorded at baseline and peak stress. Echocardiographic measures included left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, fractional shortening, heart rate corrected velocity of circumferential fiber shortening, end-systolic wall stress, and the difference between measured and predicted fiber shortening for measured wall stress. RESULTS: Compared with peak exercise, dobutamine infusion resulted in lower cardiac output (12 +/- 2 vs 16 +/- 4 l x min(-1), P < 0.0001), heart rates (163 +/- 7 vs 175 +/- 12 beats x min(-1), P < 0.0001), and systolic blood pressure (160 +/- 22 vs 185 +/- 20 mm Hg, P < or = 0.0001). Echocardiography demonstrated smaller left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (4.2 +/- 0.7 vs 4.5 +/- 0.7 cm, P = 0.013), higher fractional shortening (0.55 +/- 0.07 vs 0.50 +/- 0.06%, P < 0.001), higher VCFc (2.07 +/- 0.36 vs 1.54 +/- 0.20 circs x s(-1), P < 0.001) higher VCFdiff (0.94 +/- 0.35 vs 0.48 +/- 0.20 circs x s(-1), P < 0.001), and lower end-systolic wall stress (25 +/- 11 vs 42 +/- 16 g x cm(-2), P < 0.001). The stress-velocity relationship during dobutamine demonstrated higher y-intercept and steeper slope, indicating greater load-independent contractility. CONCLUSION: The cardiovascular adaptation to exercise and dobutamine stress differ significantly. Cardiac output during peak exercise is greater than during peak dobutamine secondary to increased heart rate and stroke volume. Despite a greater increase in contractility and decrease in afterload, a smaller increase in cardiac output during dobutamine stress may be secondary to limited ventricular preload.
Authors:
James F Cnota; Wayne A Mays; Sandra K Knecht; Shannon Kopser; Erik C Michelfelder; Timothy K Knilans; Randal P Claytor; Thomas R Kimball
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-15     Completed Date:  2004-01-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1503-10     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. jcnota@wfubmc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Adolescent
Adult
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Output*
Echocardiography, Stress*
Exercise Test*
Female
Heart Rate*
Humans
Male
Posture
Stroke Volume
Ventricular Function, Left

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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