Document Detail


Cardiovascular indicators of disgust.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18336942     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A bradycardia and an increasing parasympathetic activity are often recommended as characteristic physiological disgust reactions. However, findings concerning the influence of disgust on heart rate and autonomic control are heterogenous. Apart from this, only a few studies examined cardiovascular reactions to disgust, besides heart rate. The aim of this study is a differentiated description of cardiovascular reactions going along with disgust using impedance cardiography. Moreover, it will be surveyed if different cardiovascular responses are associated with content-specific disgust-inductions. One-hundred subjects watched three films: A neutral film (screensaver), a filmclip showing an amputation of the upper extremity and a filmclip displaying a person who is vomiting. The latter films are regarded as disease- and food-related disgust stimuli respectively, representing two superior disgust domains. Subjective, electrodermal and cardiovascular reactions to these films were compared using Repeated Measures ANOVAs. Strong subjective, electrodermal and cardiovascular reactions towards the filmclips with disgusting content were observed. The cardiovascular reactions of the disease- and food-related disgust stimuli differed in subjective and physiological parameters. Thus, a decrease in heart rate could only be observed as a response to disease-related disgust-induction. The observed differences are discussed as an endorsement for a domain-specific organisation of disgust reactions.
Authors:
Sonja Rohrmann; Henrik Hopp
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0167-8760     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Psychophysiol     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-28     Completed Date:  2008-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406214     Medline TA:  Int J Psychophysiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Frankfurt am Main, Kettenhofweg 128, D-60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. rohrmann@psych.uni-frankfurt.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Emotions*
Female
Galvanic Skin Response / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motion Pictures as Topic
Photic Stimulation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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