Document Detail

Cardiovascular function in women with recurrent miscarriage, pre-eclampsia and/or intrauterine growth restriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23039814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prepregnancy cardiovascular function and risk factors in women with previous pregnancy complications.
METHODS: Thirty-four women with previous normal pregnancy (controls), 26 with unexplained recurrent miscarriage (RM) and 14 with pre-eclampsia (PE) and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), planning to conceive were recruited. Brachial and central blood pressures (BP), cardiac output (CO), peripheral vascular resistance (PVR), aortic stiffness, blood biochemistry and platelet aggregation were assessed.
RESULTS: Women with previous PE/IUGR had higher brachial diastolic BP (78 ± 9 vs 71 ± 7 mmHg; p = 0.03), central systolic BP (107 ± 10 vs 99 ± 8 mmHg; p = 0.03), mean arterial pressure (92 ± 10 vs 84 ± 8 mmHg; p = 0.01) and PVR (1499 ± 300 vs 1250 ± 220 dynes.s(-1) cm(-5); p = 0.005), than the controls. No differences were observed in either cardiovascular function or blood biochemistry in women with unexplained RM compared with the controls. Women with previous PE/IUGR though not with RM had a stronger family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Women with previous PE and/or IUGR had higher BP and PVR compared with controls, which may predispose them to CVD later in life. However, in the absence of underlying vascular pathology, women with unexplained RM did not have abnormal cardiovascular function. Prepregnancy period provides an opportunity to identify cardiovascular risks in relation to previous obstetric history.
Amita A Mahendru; Thomas R Everett; Carmel M McEniery; Ian B Wilkinson; Christoph C Lees
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-06     Completed Date:  2013-07-22     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Habitual / physiopathology*
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Output
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular System / physiopathology*
Fetal Growth Retardation / physiopathology*
Platelet Aggregation
Pre-Eclampsia / physiopathology*
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Vascular Resistance
Vascular Stiffness
Grant Support
FS/12/8/29377//British Heart Foundation; //British Heart Foundation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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