Document Detail


Cardiovascular dysfunction with low cardiac output due to a small heart in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19881233     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Little attention has been paid to possible cardiovascular involvement in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), although many of their symptoms and signs suggest cardiovascular dysfunction. Possible cardiovascular symptoms and cardiac function were investigated in CFS patients. METHODS: Cardiovascular symptoms were intensively investigated and cardiac function was evaluated echocardiographically. PATIENTS: Fifty-three patients (23 men and 30 women, mean age: 31+/-7 years) with CFS under 50 years were studied. RESULTS: Slender build (body mass index <20 kg/m(2)) was common (47%). Possible cardiovascular symptoms including shortness of breath (32%), dyspnea on effort (28%), rapid heartbeat (38%), chest pain (43%), fainting (43%), orthostatic dizziness (45%) and coldness of feet (42%), were all frequent complaints. Hypotension (28%) was occasionally noted. Electrocardiograms frequently revealed right axis deviation (21%) and severe sinus arrhythmia (34%) suggesting accentuated parasympathetic nervous activity. Small heart shadow (cardiothoracic ratio <or=42%) was noted on the chest roentgenogram in 32 patients (60%). Echocardiographic examination demonstrated low cardiac indexes (<2 L/min/m(2)) with low stroke volume indexes (<30 mL/m(2)) due to a small left ventricular chamber in 19 (36%, p<0.05 vs. 8% in 36 controls). None had reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular symptoms are common in CFS patients. Cardiac dysfunction with low cardiac output due to small left ventricular chamber may contribute to the development of chronic fatigue as a constitutional factor in a considerable number of CFS patients.
Authors:
Kunihisa Miwa; Masatoshi Fujita
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-11-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1349-7235     ISO Abbreviation:  Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-02     Completed Date:  2010-01-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204241     Medline TA:  Intern Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1849-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Nanto Family and Community Medical Center, Nanto, Toyama, Japan. miwa.kunihisa@city.nanto.lg.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arrhythmia, Sinus / complications,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Cardiac Output, Low / complications,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Chest Pain / epidemiology,  etiology
Dizziness / epidemiology,  etiology
Dyspnea / epidemiology,  etiology
Echocardiography
Electrocardiography
Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic / etiology,  physiopathology*
Female
Heart Defects, Congenital / complications*,  ultrasonography
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Stroke Volume / physiology
Syncope / epidemiology,  etiology
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / complications,  epidemiology,  etiology*

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