Document Detail

Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Determinants of Left Ventricular Noncompaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24934759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Insufficient precision remains in accurately identifying left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) from the healthy normal morphologic spectrum. We aim to provide a better distinction between normal left ventricular trabeculations and LVNC. We used a previously well-defined cohort of 120 healthy volunteers for normal reference values of the trabecular/compacted ratio derived from a consistent selection of short-axis cardiovascular magnetic resonance images. We performed forward selection of logistic regression models, selecting the best model that was subsequently assessed for discrimination and calibration, validated, and converted into a clinical diagnostic chart to benchmark the boundaries of detection from a cohort of 30 patients considered to have LVNC. We showed that 3 combinations of a maximal end-diastolic trabecular/compacted ratio (≥1 [apex], >1.8 [midcavity]), (>2 [apex], ≥0.6 [midcavity]), or (>0.5 [base], >1.8 [midcavity]) separate the cohorts with the highest accuracy (C statistic [95% confidence interval] of 0.9749 (0.9748 to 0.9751) for the diagnostic chart). Quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance also shows that patients considered to have LVNC have a significantly reduced ejection fraction compared with normal volunteers. At midcavity and apical level, it is difficult to identify papillary muscles that are replaced by a dense trabecular meshwork. In conclusion, we developed a new, refined, diagnostic tool for identifying LVNC, based on an a priori assessment of the trabecular architecture in healthy volunteers.
Dana K Dawson; David J McLernon; Vimal J Raj; Alicia M Maceira; Sanjay Prasad; Michael P Frenneaux; Dudley J Pennell; Philip J Kilner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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