Document Detail

Cardiotropin-1 and myocardial strain change heterogeneously in cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17574584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The pacing model of heart failure produces heterogeneous changes in wall stress and myocyte diameter. The purpose of this study was to measure regional changes in cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a cytokine thought to play a role in LV remodeling, and regional changes in LV strain as measured with magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dilated cardiomyopathy was induced in nine mongrel dogs over 4 wk by rapid pacing using a right ventricular epicardial lead. Baseline CT-1 was measured from an apical myocardial biopsy, and regional CT-1 was measured from anterior, lateral, inferior, and septal walls after the induction of heart failure and in six control dogs. Tissue tagged images were divided into similar regions and minimal principal strain (MPS), ejection fraction, and ventricular volumes were compared after induction of heart failure. RESULTS: After induction of heart failure, LV ejection fraction and end-diastolic volume differed significantly from baseline (P < 0.01 and P = 0.02, respectively). Additionally, regional CT-1 and MPS were significantly different (P < 0.01 for both). Cardiotrophin-1 increased significantly in the inferior and septal walls (both P < 0.01) but not in the anterior or lateral walls (both P = NS). Minimum principal strain decreased significantly in the inferior and septal walls (both P < 0.01) but not in the anterior or lateral walls (both P = NS). CONCLUSION: The pacing model of heart failure produces heterogeneous changes in regional CT-1 and wall motion as measured by MPS. The greatest regional changes are closest to the pacemaker site: the inferior and septal walls. These differences in regional CT-1 may account for previously noted myocyte hypertrophy and preserved ventricular function in these regions.
D Dean Potter; Philip A Araoz; Leong L Ng; David G Kruger; Jess L Thompson; Chad E Hamner; Joseph A Rysavy; Jayawant N Mandrekar; Thoralf M Sundt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-06-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of surgical research     Volume:  141     ISSN:  0022-4804     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Surg. Res.     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-16     Completed Date:  2007-08-30     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376340     Medline TA:  J Surg Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  277-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / physiopathology*
Cytokines / analysis*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / analysis
Ventricular Function, Left*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cytokines; 0/cardiotrophin 1; 114471-18-0/Natriuretic Peptide, Brain

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