Document Detail

Cardiorespiratory response to physical exercise and psychological variables in panic disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22189929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible influence of psychological variables on cardiorespiratory responses and perceived exertion of patients with Panic Disorder (PD) during a submaximal exercise test.
METHOD: Ten outpatients with PD and 10 matched healthy subjects walked up on a treadmill slope at a speed of 4 km/h in order to reach 65% of their maximum heart rate. Cardiorespiratory variables were continuously recorded. Before the exercise, the state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores), fear of physical sensations (Body Sensation Questionnaire scores), and fear of autonomic arousal (Anxiety Sensitivity Index scores) were assessed; during the exercise, levels of anxiety (VAS-A) and exertion (Borg Scale CR 10) were measured.
RESULTS: Compared to controls, patients reached earlier the target HR and the ventilatory threshold, showed lower oxygen consumption, higher HR and lower within-subject standard deviations of HR (a measure of cardiac variability). Exertion was also higher, and there was a significant correlation between breathing frequency, tidal volume and HR. No significant associations were found between cardiorespiratory response, perceived exertion, and psychological variables in patients with PD.
CONCLUSION: Although patients with PD presented poor cardiorespiratory fitness and were required to spend more effort during physical exercise, this did not appear to be related to the psychological variables considered. Further studies with larger groups are warranted.
Daniela Caldirola; Caterina Namia; Wilma Micieli; Claudia Carminati; Laura Bellodi; Giampaolo Perna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista brasileira de psiquiatria (São Paulo, Brazil : 1999)     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1809-452X     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Bras Psiquiatr     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100895975     Medline TA:  Rev Bras Psiquiatr     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  385-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, San Benedetto Hospital, Hermanas Hospitalarias, Albese con Cassano, Italy.
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