Document Detail

Cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary heart disease risk factor association in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7608435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary risk factors in healthy, nonsmoking adult women. BACKGROUND: A sedentary life-style is recognized as an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, and increasing physical activity is strongly recommended to reduce this risk. However, studies examining the effects of increased physical activity on coronary heart disease risk factors in women are relatively few, and the findings have been equivocal. METHODS: Subjects provided written informed consent, completed a questionnaire on medical history and performed an exercise tolerance test. Blood chemistry and lipid levels were determined from fasting blood samples. Three fitness categories were established on the basis of treadmill time to exhaustion and were adjusted for age. RESULTS: The women in the lowest fitness category had less favorable lipid profiles, blood glucose levels, blood pressures and anthropometric indexes than those in the moderate and high fitness categories. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate fitness (equivalent to 10 metabolic equivalents [METs]) is required to improve the coronary risk profile in women.
P F Kokkinos; J C Holland; A E Pittaras; P Narayan; C O Dotson; V Papademetriou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-08-17     Completed Date:  1995-08-17     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-64     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena*
Cardiovascular System / physiopathology
Cholesterol / blood
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Coronary Disease / etiology,  physiopathology*
Life Style
Lipoproteins / blood
Middle Aged
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Reference Values
Regression Analysis
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
Respiratory System / physiopathology
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Lipoproteins; 0/lipoprotein cholesterol; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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