Document Detail


Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Fatness, and Blood Pressure Associations in Nigerian Youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22543736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To examine the independent associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body fatness with resting blood pressure (BP) in children (9-11 y) and adolescents (12-15 y) in Benue State of Nigeria. METHODS: 3243 children (n=1017) and adolescents (n=2226) were measured for aerobic fitness, body fatness, resting pre exercise BP and recovery BP at minutes 1, 5 and 10 after a progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run (PACER) test. Regression models, controlling for age and recovery BP at 1, 5, and 10 minutes after PACER, determined the associations of independent variables with the dependent variables. RESULTS: Fatness and fitness were independent predictors of resting BP amongst participants and the relationship of fatness with BP was more robust in adolescents than in children. In all cases, the relationships were stronger in boys than in girls. Combined fitness and fatness in predicting blood pressure was modest (effect size = 1 to 3%) after controlling for age and post exercise BP. Post exercise BP was a major determinant of resting BP in both groups (R = 21% to 93%). In adolescents, fatter boys had 1.9 times likelihood of systolic HTN compared to leaner peers. SBP and DBP scores varied by fit-fat groups, the fit-low-fat group demonstrated the most favorable BP profiles while the fit-high-fat group showed the most adverse profiles. CONCLUSION: Irrespective of fatness, participants with higher CRF had more favorable BP profiles compared to their fat-unfit peers.
Authors:
Danladi I Musa; Craig A Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria, 2Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom.
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