Document Detail


Cardiorespiratory fitness, adiposity, and all-cause mortality in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20351588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine the prospective associations among cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), different measures of adiposity, and all-cause mortality in women.
METHODS: A total of 11,335 women completed a comprehensive baseline examination between 1970 and 2005. Clinical measures included body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (W/HT), waist-to-hip ratio (W/Hip), percent body fat (%BF), and CRF quantified as duration of a maximal exercise test. Participants were classified by CRF as low (lowest 20%), moderate (middle 40%), and high (highest 40%) as well as by standard clinical cut points for adiposity measures. Hazard ratios (HR) were computed using Cox regression analysis.
RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 12.3 ± 8.2 yr, 292 deaths occurred. HR for all-cause mortality were 1.0, 0.60, and 0.54 for low, moderate, and high fit groups, respectively (P for trend G0.01). Adjusted death rates of overweight/obese women within each adiposity exposure were somewhat higher compared with normal-weight women and approached statistical significance for BMI, %BF, and W/HT (P = 0.08, P = 0.08, and P = 0.07, respectively). When grouped for joint analyses into categories of fit and unfit (upper 80% and lower 20% of CRF distribution, respectively), HR were significantly higher in unfit women within each stratum of BMI compared with fit–normal BMI women. Fit women with high %BF (HR = 1.0), high WC (HR = 0.9), and high W/HT (HR = 1.2) had no greater risk of death compared with fit–normal-weight women (referent).
CONCLUSIONS: Low CRF in women was a significant independent predictor of all-cause mortality. Higher CRF was associated with lower mortality within each category of each adiposity exposure. Using adiposity measures as predictors of all-cause mortality in women may be misleading unless CRF is also considered.
Authors:
Stephen W Farrell; Shannon J Fitzgerald; Paul A McAuley; Carolyn E Barlow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2006-12     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA. sfarrell@cooperinst.org
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