Document Detail

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and prognosis in chronic heart failure: a prognosticating algorithm for the individual patient.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15364777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The identification of individuals who are at high risk of chronic heart failure (HF) is a medical art of growing concern. Cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing (CPX) has become an important clinical tool to predict outcome. The value of peak oxygen consumption rests in the fact that it integrates elements of cardiac adaptations, and skeletal muscle, pulmonary, and endothelial dysfunctions more than other traditional prognostic indicators of chronic HF. Recently, exercise-related ventilatory abnormalities have gained attention, stimulating scientific debate and an innovative perspective. This review, through a critical examination of previous experiences, will focus on the prognostic application of CPX, defining a proficient outline of treatment for the individual patient.
Ugo Corrà; Alessandro Mezzani; Enzo Bosimini; Pantaleo Giannuzzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  126     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-14     Completed Date:  2004-11-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  942-50     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Divisione di Cardiologia, Fondazione "S. Maugeri," Via per Revislate, 13, 28010 Veruno, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Anaerobic Threshold / physiology*
Carbon Dioxide / blood*
Exercise Test / methods*
Heart Failure / diagnosis*,  mortality,  physiopathology
Oxygen / blood*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology*
Risk Assessment
Survival Analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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