Document Detail

Cardiopulmonary effects of administration of a combination solution of xylazine, guaifenesin, and ketamine or inhaled isoflurane in mechanically ventilated calves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18052732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiopulmonary effects of administration of a solution of xylazine, guaifenesin, and ketamine (XGK) or inhaled isoflurane in mechanically ventilated calves undergoing surgery. ANIMALS: 13 male calves 2 to 26 days of age. Procedures-In calves in the XGK group, anesthesia was induced (0.5 mL/kg) and maintained (2.5 mL/kg/h) with a combination solution of xylazine (0.1 mg/mL), guaifenesin (50 mg/mL), and ketamine (1.0 mg/mL). For calves in the isoflurane group, anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. The rates of XGK infusion and isoflurane administration were adjusted to achieve suitable anesthetic depth. All calves received 100% oxygen and were mechanically ventilated to maintain end-tidal carbon dioxide concentrations from 35 to 40 mm Hg and underwent laparoscopic bladder surgery through an abdominal approach. Cardiopulmonary variables were measured before induction and at intervals up to 90 minutes after anesthetic induction. RESULTS: The quality of induction was excellent in all calves. The XGK requirements were 0.57 +/- 0.18 mL/kg and 2.70 +/- 0.40 mL/kg/h to induce and maintain anesthesia, respectively. Heart rate was significantly lower than baseline throughout the anesthetic period in the XGK group. Systolic arterial blood pressure was significantly higher in the XGK group, compared with the isoflurane group, from 5 to 90 minutes. Cardiac index was lower than baseline in both groups. Differences between groups in cardiac index and arterial blood gas values were not significant. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Administration of XGK resulted in excellent anesthetic induction and maintenance with cardiopulmonary alterations similar to those associated with isoflurane in mechanically ventilated calves.
Carolyn L Kerr; Claire Windeyer; Ludovic P Bouré; Kuldip K Mirakhur; Wayne McDonell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-06     Completed Date:  2008-03-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1287-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Inhalation / veterinary
Anesthesia, Intravenous / veterinary
Anesthetics / administration & dosage,  pharmacology
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cattle / physiology*
Drug Therapy, Combination
Guaifenesin / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Heart Rate / drug effects
Isoflurane / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Ketamine / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Respiration, Artificial / veterinary*
Time Factors
Xylazine / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics; 26675-46-7/Isoflurane; 6740-88-1/Ketamine; 7361-61-7/Xylazine; 93-14-1/Guaifenesin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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