Document Detail

Cardiomyopathy induced by sinus tachycardia in combat wounded: a case study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25181728     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Tachycardia induced cardiomyopathy is a potentially lethal cause of heart failure generally because of atrial tachycardia and less frequently ventricular tachycardia. We present two cases of Marines with severe traumatic blast injuries secondary to improvised explosive device attacks whose hospital courses included amputation, massive blood transfusions, and multiple surgeries. Both patients had prolonged sinus tachycardia averaging >110 beats per minute and developed depressed left ventricular function, which recovered when treated with β blockers. Sinus tachycardia is often considered a physiological response to stress, and the purpose of this manuscript is to describe the cardiac injury apparently related to a prolonged stress response. In addition, the literature does not clearly recommend controlling heart rates in trauma patients with persistent sinus tachycardia, but it is a therapeutic option that should be considered by providers.
Michael Kavanaugh; Jonathan McDivitt; Andrew Philip; Jerald W Froehner; John Rotruck; Brian Hemann; Mark Haigney; John Atwood; Joel Anthony Nations
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  179     ISSN:  1930-613X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-09-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1062-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.
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