Document Detail


Cardiogenic oscillations of nitrogen and argon concentration in expired gas in man.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1112079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The cardiogenic oscillations in the concentration of nitrogen and argon in expired gas, which are seen after the inspiration from residual volume of pure oxygen or a bolus of argon, have been studied in normal subjects and in patients with atrial fibrillation. 2. In the upright position of the subject, the peaks of nitrogen and argon concentration coincide with ventricular systole, although there is a transit delay along the tracheobronchial tree before any change of concentration occurs at the mouth. 3. Studies in different postures demonstrated that the effect of the heart is predominantly due to a reduction in cardiac volume during systole with a decrease in airflow from regions adjacent to the heart. These areas contain a different concentration of nitrogen and argon in the alveolar air from the more apical regions. 4. It has been shown that the results are consistent with the present concepts of the influence of gravity on the distribution of inspired air.
Authors:
G W Bradley; A K Henderson; R J Mills
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical science and molecular medicine     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0301-0538     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Sci Mol Med     Publication Date:  1975 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1975-05-10     Completed Date:  1975-05-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367540     Medline TA:  Clin Sci Mol Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Argon / analysis*
Atrial Fibrillation
Electrocardiography
Heart / physiology*
Humans
Nitrogen / analysis*
Posture
Pulmonary Ventilation
Respiration*
Spirometry
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-37-1/Argon; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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