Document Detail

Cardiogenic brain embolism. Cerebral Embolism Task Force.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3510609     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
One in six ischemic strokes is due to cardiogenic embolism. The current knowledge about the natural history, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cardioembolic stroke is reviewed. Nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation is the most frequent substrate for brain embolism; patients with this dysrhythmia have a fivefold increase in the risk of stroke. Ischemic heart disease (25%), rheumatic mitral stenosis (10%), and prosthetic cardiac valves (10%) are other major sources of cardioembolic stroke. Mitral annulus calcification and calcific aortic stenosis infrequently serve as cardioembolic sources. As cardiac sources of embolic stroke are often identifiable prior to stroke, many of these strokes are potentially preventable.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of neurology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0003-9942     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Neurol.     Publication Date:  1986 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-28     Completed Date:  1986-01-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372436     Medline TA:  Arch Neurol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-84     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
Aortic Valve Stenosis / complications
Atrial Fibrillation / complications
Calcinosis / complications
Cardiomyopathies / complications
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / complications
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / complications
Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  etiology
Embolism / complications
Endocarditis / complications
Endocarditis, Bacterial / complications
Heart Defects, Congenital / complications
Heart Diseases / complications*
Heart Neoplasms / complications
Heart Valve Diseases / complications
Heart Valve Prosthesis / adverse effects
Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis / complications,  drug therapy,  etiology*
Mitral Valve
Mitral Valve Prolapse / complications
Myocardial Infarction / complications
Myxoma / complications
Rheumatic Heart Disease / complications
Thrombosis / complications
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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