Document Detail


Cardiodynamic effects of experimental right bundle branch block in canine hearts with normal and hypertrophied right ventricles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3155584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cardiodynamic effects of acute experimental right bundle branch block (RBBB) were studied in canine hearts: group A included 15 normal hearts; group B-1 had seven hearts with mild right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), and group B-2 had 11 hearts with marked RVH. The main sequential changes following RBBB were marked prolongation of the Q upstroke interval of the right ventricle and striking shortening of right ventricular systolic time that affected right and left ventricular interaction, particularly in the hearts with RVH. Hemodynamic changes were: the right ventricular end-diastolic pressure was elevated markedly (4.4 +/- 2.2----9.8 +/- 2.6 mm Hg, p less than 0.001) in group B-2, moderately (p less than 0.01) in group B-1, and not at all in group A. The right ventricular positive peak dp/dt decreased remarkably (1036 +/- 151----827 +/- 152 mm Hg/sec, p less than 0.001) in group B-2 and negligibly in the other groups. A significant correlation existed between the percentage of decrease in right ventricular peak dp/dt and the QRS duration of RBBB in each group (p less than 0.01). The left ventricular peak negative dp/dt decreased distinctly (2570 +/- 326----+/- 2055 +/- 362 mm Hg/sec, p less than 0.01) in group B-2 and not at all in the other groups. The stroke volume showed 12% decrease in group B-2 (p less than 0.001), 8% decrease in group B-1 (NS), and no decrease in group A. In the presence of RVH, acute RBBB causes significant impairment of right and left ventricular function. The magnitude of the impairment invariably depends upon both the prior degree of RVH and the width of the QRS complex.
Authors:
H Yasui; M Yoshitoshi; M Komori; R Tominaga; Y Kawachi; Y Ueno; H Sunagawa; K Tokunaga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1985 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-02-05     Completed Date:  1985-02-05     Revised Date:  2006-02-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-77     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bundle-Branch Block / complications,  physiopathology*
Cardiomegaly / complications,  physiopathology*
Dogs
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart / physiopathology*
Heart Rate
Male
Myocardial Contraction
Stroke Volume
Vascular Resistance

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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