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Cardiac telocytes were decreased during myocardial infarction and their therapeutic effects for ischaemic heart in rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23205601     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recently, cardiac telocytes were found in the myocardium. However, the functional role of cardiac telocytes and possible changes in the cardiac telocyte population during myocardial infarction in the myocardium are not known. In this study, the role of the recently identified cardiac telocytes in myocardial infarction (MI) was investigated. Cardiac telocytes were distributed longitudinally and within the cross network of the myocardium, which was impaired during MI. Cardiac telocytes in the infarction zone were undetectable from approximately 4 days to 4 weeks after an experimental coronary occlusion was used to induce MI. Although cardiac telocytes in the non-ischaemic area of the ischaemic heart experienced cell death, the cell density increased approximately 2 weeks after experimental coronary occlusion. The cell density was then maintained at a level similar to that observed 1-4 days after left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD)-ligation, but was still lower than normal after 2 weeks. We also found that simultaneous transplantation of cardiac telocytes in the infarcted and border zones of the heart decreased the infarction size and improved myocardial function. These data indicate that cardiac telocytes, their secreted factors and microvesicles, and the microenvironment may be structurally and functionally important for maintenance of the physiological integrity of the myocardium. Rebuilding the cardiac telocyte network in the infarcted zone following MI may be beneficial for functional regeneration of the infarcted myocardium.
Authors:
Baoyin Zhao; Shang Chen; Juanjuan Liu; Ziqiang Yuan; Xufeng Qi; Junwen Qin; Xin Zheng; Xiaotao Shen; Yanhong Yu; Thomas J Qnin; John Yeuk-Hon Chan; Dongqing Cai
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular and molecular medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1582-4934     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Mol. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101083777     Medline TA:  J Cell Mol Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Published by Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Ministry of Education, Ji Nan University, Guangzhou, China; Joint Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong-Ji Nan University, Guangzhou, China; International Base of Collaboration for Science and Technology (JNU), The Ministry of Science and Technology & Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, China; Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, Ji Nan University, Guangzhou, China.
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