Document Detail

Cardiac tamponade in association with anorexia nervosa: A case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23224928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a complex psychiatric disorder that can have devastating cardiovascular complications. Its lesser-known association with pericardial effusion has been recently described in the literature. We present the case of a 45 year-old female who presented with a recurrent small bowel obstruction requiring lysis of adhesions and who was found to have a large pericardial effusion that progressed to cardiac tamponade necessitating surgical intervention. The patient had a body mass index of 14.8 kg/m2 (i.e. 71% of ideal body weight) and a long-standing history of food aversion, extreme exercise habits, and weight obsession consistent with AN. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of AN-associated cardiac tamponade in the United States, and the first requiring surgical intervention. In conclusion, with this and current data regarding AN-associated pericardial effusions, we recommend a low threshold for performing pre-operative echocardiography for those in whom AN is suspected.
Jacqueline N Kircher; Matthew H Park; Michael K Cheezum; Edward A Hulten; Jeffrey S Kunz; Mark Haigney; J Edwin Atwood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology journal     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1897-5593     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiol J     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101392712     Medline TA:  Cardiol J     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  635-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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