Document Detail

Cardiac tamponade as a sequela to ventriculoatrial shunting for congenital hydrocephalus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19436789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening condition that demands prompt diagnosis and emergency intervention to prevent the sequelae of persistent low cardiac output, cardiopulmonary failure, and death. Cardiac tamponade due to pericardial collection of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare but recognized sequela associated with ventriculoatrial shunts used in the management of congenital hydrocephalus.Herein, we describe the treatment of an 8-month-old infant with multiple congenital anomalies who presented with cardiac tamponade. This condition was caused by cardiac perforation by the distal tip of a ventriculoatrial shunt catheter. Timely pericardiostomy and repair of the cardiac perforation through a left anterior thoracotomy resulted in an uneventful recovery.
Ahmed El-Eshmawi; Uvie Onakpoya; Ibrahim Khadragui
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1526-6702     ISO Abbreviation:  Tex Heart Inst J     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-13     Completed Date:  2009-07-17     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214622     Medline TA:  Tex Heart Inst J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  58-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Tamponade / etiology*,  radiography,  surgery
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / adverse effects*
Heart Injuries / etiology*,  radiography,  surgery
Heart Ventricles / injuries
Hydrocephalus / surgery*
Pericardial Effusion / etiology*,  radiography,  surgery
Pericardial Window Techniques
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Treatment Outcome

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