Document Detail

Cardiac surgery in an Iranian teaching hospital: outcome and risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15585699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cardiac surgery in Iran has been associated with different facilities, equipment and patient populations in comparison to countries from which most of the academic papers used for identification of risk factors related to outcome and subsequent establishment of risk stratification models originate from. During a 15-month period all patients admitted for adult cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP) in a university affiliated teaching hospital were enrolled in a prospective study. Appropriate statistical tests were used to analyze data for mortality and morbidity. There were 730 adults (63% male, 37% female), with age ranged from 16 to 82 (mean, 51.4 +/- 14.4). A mortality rate of 5.3% and morbidity of 14.8% (major + minor) were observed in the whole group. Factors correlated with mortality were: age (p = 0.019), emergency surgery (p < 0.0001), redo cardiac surgery (p = 0.01), left ventricular (LV) aneurysm (p < 0.001), presence of catastrophic states (p < 0.001), low ejection fraction (p = 0.04), history of hypertension (p = 0.05), the individual surgeon (p < 0.0001), and CPB duration (p < 0.0001). Factors affecting morbidity included: female gender (p = 0.04), age (p = 0.03), emergency surgery (p = 0.001), redo surgery (p = 0.008), and catastrophic states (p < 0.001). The mortality in our study group may be compared with reports presented in the literature. Factors such as age, emergency surgery, redo cardiac surgery, and catastrophic states are statistically related to both mortality and morbidity.
Seyed-Ahmad Hassantash; Koorosh Mirpoor; Maryam Afrakhteh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0218-4923     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-08     Completed Date:  2005-02-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503417     Medline TA:  Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  312-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Saadat-Abad, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*,  mortality*
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Cardiovascular Diseases / complications,  mortality,  surgery
Hospitals, Teaching
Middle Aged
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sex Factors

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