Document Detail


Cardiac signatures of personality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22363649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There are well-established relations between personality and the heart, as evidenced by associations between negative emotions on the one hand, and coronary heart disease or chronic heart failure on the other. However, there are substantial gaps in our knowledge about relations between the heart and personality in healthy individuals. Here, we investigated whether amplitude patterns of the electrocardiogram (ECG) correlate with neurotisicm, extraversion, agreeableness, warmth, positive emotion, and tender-mindedness as measured with the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness (NEO) personality inventory. Specifically, we investigated (a) whether a cardiac amplitude measure that was previously reported to be related to flattened affectivity (referred to as Eκ values) would explain variance of NEO scores, and (b) whether correlations can be found between NEO scores and amplitudes of the ECG.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: NEO scores and rest ECGs were obtained from 425 healthy individuals. Neuroticism and positive emotion significantly differed between individuals with high and low Eκ values. In addition, stepwise cross-validated regressions indicated correlations between ECG amplitudes and (a) agreeableness, as well as (b) positive emotion.
CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These results are the first to demonstrate that ECG amplitude patterns provide information about the personality of an individual as measured with NEO personality scales and facets. These findings open new perspectives for a more efficient personality assessment using cardiac measures, as well as for more efficient risk-stratification and pre-clinical diagnosis of individuals at risk for cardiac, affective and psychosomatic disorders.
Authors:
Stefan Koelsch; Juliane Enge; Sebastian Jentschke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-02-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-24     Completed Date:  2012-06-29     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e31441     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany. koelsch@cbs.mpg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Electrocardiography*
Extraversion (Psychology)
Female
Heart / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Personality / physiology*
Personality Inventory
Regression Analysis
Young Adult
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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