Document Detail

Cardiac safety of conducted electrical devices in pigs and their effect on pacemaker function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20934296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to evaluate the cardiac safety of the Stinger S-200 Conducted Energy Weapon Device (CED) (Stinger Systems, Tampa, Fla) on a human-sized pig model and to test the effect of various commercially available CEDs, specifically the Stinger S-200, TASER M26 (Taser International, Scottsdale, Ariz), and TASER X26 on pacemaker function.
METHODS: Two groups of pigs, divided based on weight as group 1 (n = 3, 67.3 ± 4.7 kg) and group 2 (n = 3, 89.3 ± 1.2 kg), were used. In protocol 1, the Stinger S-200 was applied in multiple different orientations to simulate possible field scenarios across the heart. In protocol 2, a single-chamber bipolar lead connected to a pacemaker was placed in the right ventricle of the pig, and different CEDs were applied to test the pacemaker function during CED application.
RESULTS: In protocol 1, the S-200 was applied a total of 216 times in the 6 pigs, and neither episodes of ventricular fibrillation nor episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia were noted. In protocol 2, the CED discharges (1) were recognized by the pulse generator and sensed as either high-rate atrial or ventricular activity, (2) did not affect the native rhythm, (3) did not conduct down the lead systems to cause any extra systoles, and (4) had no effect on paced rhythm.
CONCLUSIONS: In this model, the application of the S-200 in various orientations across the heart did not result in any sustained abnormal cardiac rhythms. None of the tested CEDs adversely affected the functioning of the tested pacemaker. Stinger Systems has now replaced the S-200 with the S-200T with a different output.
Azamuddin Khaja; Gurushankar Govindarajan; Wayne McDaniel; Greg Flaker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1532-8171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309942     Medline TA:  Am J Emerg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1089-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65212, USA.
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