Document Detail

Cardiac pumping capability in patients with peripheral vascular disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16640515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a condition characterized by atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities, low functional capacity and low exercise tolerance. Less empirical data are available concerning the cardiovascular response to maximum exercise tests in patients with PVD. The purpose of this study was to examine cardiovascular variables in patients with peripheral vascular disease. METHODS: Fifty patients (67 +/- 9 years) completed an incremental exercise test (2 min stages, 3.2 km h(-1), with increases of 2% every 2 min) to maximum claudication pain. Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2) was assessed on a breath-by-breath basis by online expiratory gas analysis (CardiO2, Medical Graphics Co.). Blood pressure was recorded at peak exercise. Following a 30-min rest period, patients exercised at the highest level attained during the first test and cardiac output (QT) was measured using the exponential non-invasive rebreathing method. Cardiac power output peak (CPOpeak) in Watts (W), was then computed. RESULTS: Mean +/- SD values were; 13.85 +/- 4.14 ml kg min(-1); maximal walk time 357 +/- 227 s; peak mean arterial pressure 127 +/- 15 mmHg; 9.8 +/- 2.39 (l min(-1)); CPO 2.86 +/- 0.87 W. CONCLUSION: Patients with peripheral vascular disease demonstrate attenuated levels of cardiovascular capacity. This group of patients should be given exercise therapy in order to improve cardiovascular status and ambulatory function.
L D Hodges; G R H Sandercock; S K Das; D A Brodie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical physiology and functional imaging     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1475-0961     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-27     Completed Date:  2006-07-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137604     Medline TA:  Clin Physiol Funct Imaging     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Research Centre for Health Studies, BCUC, Gorelands Lane, Buckinghamshire, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Output / physiology*
Exercise Test
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Peripheral Vascular Diseases / physiopathology*

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