Document Detail


Cardiac and pulmonary arterial remodeling after sinoaortic denervation in normotensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22079748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex dysfunction may contribute to end-organ damage process. We investigated the effects of baroreceptor deficit (10weeks after sinoaortic denervation - SAD) on hemodynamic alterations, cardiac and pulmonary remodeling. Cardiac function and morphology of male Wistar intact rats (C) and SAD rats (SAD) (n=8/group) were assessed by echocardiography and collagen quantification. BP was directly recorded. Ventricular hypertrophy was quantified by the ratio of left ventricular weight (LVW) and right ventricular weight (RVW) to body weight (BW). BPV was quantified in the time and frequency domains. The atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), alpha-skeletal actin (α-skelectal), collagen type I and type III genes mRNA expression were evaluated by RT-PCR. SAD did not change BP, but increased BPV (11±0.49 vs. 5±0.3mmHg). As expected, baroreflex was reduced in SAD. Pulmonary artery acceleration time was reduced in SAD. In addition, SAD impaired diastolic function in both LV (6.8±0.26 vs. 5.02±0.21mmHg) and RV (5.1±0.21 vs. 4.2±0.12mmHg). SAD increased LVW/BW in 9% and RVW/BW in 20%, and augmented total collagen (3.8-fold in LV, 2.7-fold in RV, and 3.35-fold in pulmonary artery). Also, SAD increased type I (~6-fold) and III (~5-fold) collagen gene expression. Denervation increased ANP expression in LV (75%), in RV (74%) and increased α-skelectal expression in LV (300%) and in RV (546%). Baroreflex function impairment by SAD, despite not changing BP, induced important adjustments in cardiac structure and pulmonary hypertension. These changes may indicate that isolated baroreflex dysfunction can modulate target tissue damage.
Authors:
K Flues; I C Moraes-Silva; C Mostarda; P R M Souza; G P Diniz; E D Moreira; A C Piratello; M L Barreto Chaves; K De Angelis; V L Salemi; M C Irigoyen; E G Caldini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7484     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909359     Medline TA:  Auton Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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