Document Detail

Cardiac performance during exercise in hypertensive patients without ventricular hypertrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19490065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Reduced systolic reserve on effort may be present in subjects with hypertension but no evidence of hypertensive cardiomyopathy. We assessed the determinants of abnormal cardiac performance during exercise in hypertensive patients without left ventricular hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five newly diagnosed, never-treated-earlier hypertensive patients without definite indication for left ventricular hypertrophy at echocardiography underwent radionuclide ambulatory monitoring of left ventricular function at rest and during upright bicycle exercise testing. RESULTS: The patients were classified into two groups according to their ejection fraction response to exercise. In 21 patients (group 1), the ejection fraction increased > or = 5% with exercise and in 14 patients (group 2), the ejection fraction either increased < 5% or decreased with exercise. Patients of group 1 had lower peak filling rate at rest and less augmentation in end-diastolic volume during exercise (both P < 0.01) when compared with patients of group 2. A significant relationship between the magnitude of change in ejection fraction with exercise and both peak filling rate at rest (r = 0.58, P < 0.01) and exercise-induced change in end-diastolic volume (r = 0.45, P < 0.01) was found. CONCLUSIONS: In newly diagnosed, never-treated-earlier hypertensive subjects with no evidence of hypertensive cardiomyopathy, the cardiac response to exercise is dependent on adequate diastolic filling volume to maintain systolic performance.
G Storto; E Nicolai; M Petretta; L Spinelli; W Acampa; L Evangelista; S Daniele; B Trimarco; A Cuocolo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-05-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical investigation     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1365-2362     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Clin. Invest.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0245331     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Invest     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  664-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biomorphological and Functional Sciences, University Federico II, Via Pansini 5, Naples, Italy.
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