Document Detail

Cardiac output measurement in children: comparison of the Ultrasound Cardiac Output Monitor with thermodilution cardiac output measurement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18297271     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare the assessment of cardiac output (CO) in children using the noninvasive Ultrasound Cardiac Output Monitor (USCOM) with the invasive pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) thermodilution cardiac output measurement. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study in a tertiary center for pediatric cardiology of a university children's hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-four pediatric patients with congenital heart disease without shunt undergoing cardiac catheterization under general anesthesia. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: CO was measured by USCOM using a suprasternal CO Doppler probe in children undergoing cardiac catheterization. USCOM data were compared to CO simultaneously measured by PAC thermodilution technique. Measurements were repeated three times within 5 min in each patient. A mean percentage error not exceeding 30% was defined as indicating clinical useful reliability of the USCOM. CO values measured by PAC ranged from 1.3 to 5.3 l/min (median 3.6 l/min). Bias and precision were -0.13 and 1.34 l/min, respectively. The mean percentage error of CO measurement by the USCOM compared to PAC thermodilution technique was 36.4% for USCOM. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary data demonstrate that cardiac output measurement in children using the USCOM does not reliably represent absolute CO values as compared to PAC thermodilution. Further studies must evaluate the impact of incorporating effective aortic valve diameters on CO measurement using the USCOM.
Walter Knirsch; Oliver Kretschmar; Maren Tomaske; Kathrina Stutz; Nicole Nagdyman; Christian Balmer; Achim Schmitz; Dominique Béttex; Felix Berger; Urs Bauersfeld; Markus Weiss
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2008-02-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Intensive care medicine     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0342-4642     ISO Abbreviation:  Intensive Care Med     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-30     Completed Date:  2009-01-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704851     Medline TA:  Intensive Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1060-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, Zurich, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Output*
Child, Preschool
Heart Defects, Congenital / physiopathology*
Monitoring, Physiologic / instrumentation*
Prospective Studies
Thermodilution / methods*
Ultrasonography / methods*

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