Document Detail


Cardiac natriuretic peptides and continuously monitored atrial pressures during chronic rapid pacing in pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10848639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Changes in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were evaluated in relation to continuously monitored atrial pressures in a pacing model of heart failure. Pigs were subjected to rapid atrial pacing (225 beats min-1) for 3 weeks with adjustments of pacing frequencies if the pigs showed overt signs of cardiac decompensation. Atrial pressures were monitored by a telemetry system with the animals unsedated and freely moving. Left atrial pressure responded stronger and more rapidly to the initiation of pacing and to alterations in the rate of pacing than right atrial pressure. Plasma natriuretic peptide levels were measured by radioimmunoassay and all increased during pacing with BNP exhibiting the largest relative increase (2.9-fold increase relative to sham pigs). Multiple regression analysis with dummy variables was used to evaluate the relative changes in natriuretic peptides and atrial pressures and the strongest correlation was found between BNP and left atrial pressure with R 2=0.81. Termination of pacing resulted in rapid normalization of ANP values in spite of persistent elevations in atrial pressures. This may reflect an increased metabolism or an attenuated secretory response of ANP to atrial stretch with established heart failure. In conclusion, 3 weeks of rapid pacing induced significant increases in atrial pressures and natriuretic peptide levels. All the natriuretic peptides correlated with atrial pressures with BNP appearing as a more sensitive marker of cardiac filling pressures than ANP and N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide.
Authors:
W Qi; H Kjekshus; R Klinge; J K Kjekshus; C Hall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  169     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-29     Completed Date:  2000-06-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-102     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute for Surgical Research and Department of Cardiology, The National Hospital, The University of Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Atrial Function
Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood*
Cardiac Volume / physiology
Heart / physiology*
Heart Failure / blood,  physiopathology*
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / blood*
Pacemaker, Artificial
Regression Analysis
Swine
Tachycardia / blood,  physiopathology*
Telemetry
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
114471-18-0/Natriuretic Peptide, Brain; 85637-73-6/Atrial Natriuretic Factor

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