Document Detail

Cardiac history and risk of post-cystectomy cardiac complications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19758689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate risk factors for postoperative cardiac complications (POCC). Patients undergoing cystectomy often have significant baseline cardiac disease. Despite preoperative medical optimization, postoperative cardiac complications remain a significant source of morbidity.
METHODS: A retrospective review of all radical cystectomies for bladder cancer between January 2004 and September 2006 was performed. Twelve preoperative risk factors were evaluated, including age, Charlson Comorbidity Index, type of urinary diversion, and previous cardiac history. All complications, including myocardial infarction (MI) and new onset arrhythmia, were recorded for 90 days postoperatively. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed.
RESULTS: A total of 283 patients underwent cystectomy for bladder cancer between January/2004 and September 2006. The median age of the cohort was 70 (35-90) years. Of 283 patients, 64 (23%) had a significant preoperative cardiac history, including 18 (6%) with prior coronary artery bypass and 30 (11%) with a history of MIs. Thirty-one (11%) patients had either new onset arrhythmia (22, 8%) or MI (10, 4%) and 1 had both. On univariate analysis, cardiac history, age, type of urinary diversion, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index demonstrated significance. The risk of POCC was associated with ileal conduit urinary diversion (P = .026, OR 5.58 [1.23-25.36]) and the Charlson Index score (P = .030, OR 1.28 [1.024-1.60]) on multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Multiple, inter-related factors may predict cardiac complications in the early postoperative period. Despite perioperative optimization, patients with a prior cardiac history should be counseled, regarding the increased risk of postoperative cardiac complications. The association between cardiac complications and ileal conduit diversion highlights the selection bias toward patients with preexisting comorbid disease.
Mark B Fisher; Robert S Svatek; Paul K Hegarty; John E McGinniss; Curtis Hightower; H Barton Grossman; Ashish M Kamat; Colin P Dinney; Surena F Matin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-09-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urology     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1527-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  Urology     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-03     Completed Date:  2009-11-23     Revised Date:  2013-06-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366151     Medline TA:  Urology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1085-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Urology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, Texas 77030, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cystectomy / adverse effects*
Heart Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Grant Support
P50 CA091846/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P50 CA091846-08/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Comment In:
Urology. 2009 Nov;74(5):1089   [PMID:  19883831 ]

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