Document Detail


Cardiac effects of splanchnic and non-splanchnic blood volume redistribution during aortic occlusions in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7315445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Translocation of blood from the lower body dilates the left ventricle during occlusion of the descending thoracic aorta and by increased activation of the Frank-Starling mechanism, stroke volume is maintained despite raised aortic blood pressure. The contributions from the splanchnic and non-splanchnic blood volumes to the left ventricular dilation were examined by ultrasonic measurements of myocardial chord length (MCL) in atropinized open-chest dogs. End-diastolic MCL rose by 2.5 +/- 0.9% during abdominal suprarenal aortic occlusion, draining blood from the non-splanchnic region, and by 7.4 +/- 1.7% during thoracic aortic occlusion draining blood from both splanchnic and non-splanchnic regions. Systolic left ventricular pressure rose by 16 +/- 3 mmHg and 76 +/- 12 mmHg, respectively. End-diastolic MCL rose by 6.0 +/- 1.2% during combined thoracic aortic and abdominal infrahepatic vena cava occlusion draining blood solely from the splanchnic region and further by 2.5 +/- 0.8% by blood drained from the non-splanchnic region after release of the vena cava occlusion. Similar results were obtained using a shunt permitting selective drainage first from the non-splanchnic region during thoracic aortic occlusion. Blood translocation from the non-splanchnic region maintains cardiac output during abdominal aortic occlusion. During occlusion of the thoracic aorta, drainage from the splanchnic region accounts for about 70% of the increase in end-diastolic MCL.
Authors:
O Stokland; M Molaug; J Thorvaldson; A Ilebekk; F Kiil
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  113     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1981 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-02-12     Completed Date:  1982-02-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aorta, Thoracic / physiology*
Atropine / pharmacology
Blood Pressure
Blood Volume*
Constriction
Dogs
Heart / physiopathology*
Isoproterenol / pharmacology
Splanchnic Circulation*
Stroke Volume
Venae Cavae
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-55-8/Atropine; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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