Document Detail


Cardiac effects of R 79595 and its isomers (R 80122 and R 80123) in an acute heart failure model. A new class of cardiotonic agents with highly selective phosphodiesterase III inhibitory properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1470228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
R 79595 (N-cyclohexyl-N-methyl-2-[[[phenyl (1,2,3,5-tetrahydro-2 oxoimidazo [2,1-b]-quinazolin-7-yl) methylene] amin] oxy] acetamide) and its isomers represent a novel class of compounds with phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitory and cardiotonic (positive inotropic) actions. The cardiac effects of this class of compounds were investigated in the hexobarbital-depressed heart-lung preparation of the guinea-pig. After induction of heart failure (reduction of cardiac output to 25% of the initial value) cumulative addition of R 79595 or its isomers R 80122 (E-isomer) and R 80123 (Z-isomer) concentration-dependently reversed the cardiac depressant effects of hexobarbitone-Na. With regard to reconstitution of contractility and cardiac function R 80122 (E-isomer) was 10 fold more potent than R 79595 (1:1 mixture of the isomers) and nearly 100 fold more potent than R 80123 (Z-isomer). Furthermore, the cardiotonic action of the most potent isomer (R 80122) was compared to the effects of several positive inotropic reference compounds. The order of cardiotonic potency was as follows: (-)-adrenaline > R 80122 = adibendan > digitoxin > milrinone = enoximone > theophylline. Adibendan (EC50 value: 6.7 +/- 1.8 x 10.-8 mol/l), which showed cardiotonic effects in the same concentration range as R 80122 (EC50 value: 6.1 +/- 1.3 x 10(-8) mol/l), was significantly (p < 0.01) less effective than R 80122 with respect to the maximally induceable increase in cardiac output (CO). The cardiotonic effects of R 80122 could be observed in the low concentration range of 3 x 10(-8) to 1 x 10(-6) mol/l, whereas enoximone (EC50 value: 1.2 +/- 0.1 x 10(-5) mol/l) and milrinone (EC50 value: 8.9 +/- 3.5 x 10(-6) mol/l) elicited positive inotropic effects at 100 fold higher concentrations. Digitoxin was 10 fold less and theophylline was 300 fold less potent than R 80122 with regard to reconstitution of heart function. The cardiotonic effects of R 80122 were not accompanied by an increase in heart rate as found with milrinone, theophylline or (-)-adrenaline in this model. Furthermore, the PDE inhibitory effect of R 79595 and its E-isomer R 80122 were investigated in partially purified isoenzymes from guinea-pig ventricles. The IC50 values of R 79595 and R 80122 on PDE I-IV were compared to the IC50 values of adibendan, milrinone, enoximone and theophylline. The selectivity of an inhibitor for PDE III was evaluated by division of its IC50 values on PDE I, II and IV by the IC50 value on PDE III. R 80122 was the most potent and selective PDE III inhibitor.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
J Schneider; E Beck; C Heers; C Conrad; D de Chaffoy de Courcelles; B Wilffert; T Peters
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology     Volume:  346     ISSN:  0028-1298     ISO Abbreviation:  Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1992 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-27     Completed Date:  1993-01-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0326264     Medline TA:  Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  563-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut für experimentelle Medizin, Janssen Research Foundation, Neuss, Federal Republic of Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cardiac Output / drug effects
Cardiac Output, Low / drug therapy*,  enzymology
Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacology*
Female
Guinea Pigs
Heart / drug effects
Heart Rate / drug effects
Heart Ventricles / enzymology
Hexobarbital / pharmacology
Imidazoles / pharmacology*
Isoenzymes
Isoproterenol / pharmacology
Male
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
Quinazolines / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; 0/Imidazoles; 0/Isoenzymes; 0/Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors; 0/Quinazolines; 133718-29-3/R 80122; 56-29-1/Hexobarbital; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol

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