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Cardiac displacement-induced hemodynamic instability during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery and its predictors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21658018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Emergent conversion to an on-pump procedure during an off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) due to hemodynamic instability is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of hemodynamic instability associated with mechanical heart displacement during OPCAB and the fate of these patients. Methods: Data of 494 patients who underwent elective, isolated OPCAB between December 2006 and April 2010 were reviewed. Hemodynamic instability was defined as mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2) ) <60% during grafting. Pre-operative variables including the presence of diastolic dysfunction and mitral regurgitation (MR) were evaluated for their predictive value for hemodynamic instability by logistic regression analysis. Outcome variables were also compared between patients who developed hemodynamic instability and those who did not. Results: In univariate analysis, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), left ventricular ejection fraction, diastolic dysfunction, MR ≥ grade 1, higher creatinine and the use of diuretics were identified as risk factors. In multivariate analysis of these variables, COPD and creatinine remained as independent risk factors for hemodynamic instability. These patients also had significantly lower cardiac output and SvO(2) after sternum closure and a higher incidence of composite morbidity end points. Conclusion: COPD and pre-operative creatinine level were identified as independent risk factors of mechanical heart displacement-induced hemodynamic instability during OPCAB. As these patients were associated with significantly lower SvO(2) even at the end of surgery and with adverse outcome, consideration may be given to initiate preemptive measures to increase SvO(2) before or during grafting.
Authors:
S Y Oh; J K Shim; J W Song; J C Kim; K J You; Y L Kwak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-6576     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica © 2011 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute Division of Cardiovascular Surgery Severance Biomedical Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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