Document Detail


Cardiac autonomic profile during rest and working memory load in essential hypotensive women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22595198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To our knowledge, no previous study has provided reliable data supporting a different modulation of the Neurovegetative system in essential hypotension. Our purpose was to provide, in essential hypotensive women compared to normotensives, evidence of a distinct sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac control. Cardiovascular and autonomic indexes derived by impedance cardiography (heart rate, HR; pre-ejection period, PEP), photoplethysmographic technique (blood pressure, BP) and heart rate variability analysis (high and low frequencies power, HF and LF) were continuously collected during rest and mental stress condition. Hypotensives, compared to normotensives, exhibited prolonged PEP (low sympathetic tone) and elevated HF (high vagal involvement) during rest. In addition, they showed cardiovascular (reduced increases in BP and HR) and sympathetic (lower reductions of PEP) hypo-reactivity to the task. Furthermore, a lower sympathetic reactivity in hypotensives was associated to a poorer task performance. Essential hypotension was characterized by a low sympathetic and high parasympathetic tone. In addition, a reduced sympathetic nervous system reactivity suggests the main role of the Neurovegetative system in mediating the relationship between blood pressure and cognitive performance in hypotensives.
Authors:
Massimiliano de Zambotti; Naima Covassin; Nicola Cellini; Michela Sarlo; Luciano Stegagno
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7697     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406214     Medline TA:  Int J Psychophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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