Document Detail

Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in patients with systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and sudden death risk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20422909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The manifestations of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in autoimmune diseases have been the subject of many studies. However, the published results pertaining to such research are controversial. Sudden cardiac death due to fatal arrhythmias is frequent in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVE: To analyse risk predictors of sudden cardiac death related to the degree of autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: We performed cardiovascular ANS assessment in 90 patients in this case-controlled study, including 52 (6 male, 46 female) patients with SLE, 38 (6 male, 32 female) with RA and 41 (23 male, 17 female) healthy subjects. The methodology included a comprehensive ECG analysis (with Schiller software AT-10) of QTc interval, late potentials, short-term heart rate variability (HRV) and nonlinear HRV (Poincare plot) analysis; 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring with ECG QTc interval analysis, HRV analysis; 24-hour blood pressure monitoring with systolic and diastolic blood pressure variability; cardiovascular autonomic reflex tests (according to Ewing). Vagal dysfunction was established by performing 3 tests: Valsalva maneuver, deep breathing test and heart rate response to standing test. Dysfunction of the sympathetic nervous system was examined by applying 2 tests: blood pressure response to standing and handgrip test. RESULTS: In all cardiovascular reflex tests, the frequencies of abnormal results were significantly higher among the patients than among the healthy subjects. Severe autonomic dysfunction was more common in RA. QTc interval was more prolonged in patients with SLE. Both diseases were associated with depressed heart rate variability compared to controls, the reduction being greater in RA patients. In the patients with SLE, autonomic dysfunction is predominantly with higher sympathetic activity while in RA vagal predominance is evident. CONCLUSION: SLE and RA are associated with severe autonomic dysfunction and the presence of significant risk predictors related to the onset of sudden cardiac death.
Branislav Milovanovi?; Ljudmila Stojanovi?; Nebojsa Mili?evik; Karin Vasi?; Bojko Bjelakovi?; Mirjana Krotin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo     Volume:  138     ISSN:  0370-8179     ISO Abbreviation:  Srp Arh Celok Lek     Publication Date:    2010 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-28     Completed Date:  2010-05-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0027440     Medline TA:  Srp Arh Celok Lek     Country:  Serbia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neurocardiology Laboratory, Department of Cardiology, Clinical Hospital Centre Beianijska kosa, Belgrade, Serbia.
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MeSH Terms
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / etiology
Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications*
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases / complications*,  physiopathology
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases / complications*,  physiopathology
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology*
Heart Rate
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications*
Middle Aged
Risk Factors

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