Document Detail


Cardiac arrest with continuous mechanical chest compression during percutaneous coronary intervention. A report on the use of the LUCAS device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17618034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mechanical chest compression may be necessary to make coronary intervention possible during resuscitation. We report our experience using the Lund University Cardiac Arrest System (LUCAS, Jolife, Lund, Sweden) which is a gas-driven sternal compression device that incorporates a suction cup for active decompression. During the last 13 months LUCAS has been used in our catheterisation laboratory to maintain adequate organ perfusion pressure in 13 patients with cardiac arrest or severe hypotension and bradycardia (male/female ratio 1.6, mean age 59+/-19). The mean compression time was 105+/-60min (range 45-240), and the mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure obtained was 81+/-23 and 34+/-21mmHg, respectively. Angiography and eventually percutanous coronary intervention was possible in all cases during ongoing automatic chest compression. Three patients survived the procedure, but no patients were discharged alive. In two cases we found inadequate flow in the anterior descending artery, and in one case the invasive measurements revealed inadequate coronary perfusion pressure. There were no excessive intra-thoracic or intra-abdominal injuries. We conclude that the LUCAS device is suitable during cardiac catheterisation and intervention, and the device ensures an adequate systemic blood pressure in most patients without life-threatening injuries.
Authors:
Alf Inge Larsen; Ashild S Hjørnevik; Christian Lycke Ellingsen; Dennis W T Nilsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-07-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0300-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-03-07     Revised Date:  2009-08-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  454-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway. alfil@broadpark.no
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Assisted Circulation / instrumentation*,  statistics & numerical data
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / adverse effects,  methods*
Equipment Design
Female
Heart Arrest / diagnosis,  therapy*
Heart Catheterization*
Heart Massage / adverse effects,  instrumentation*,  statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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