Document Detail

Cardiac arrest outside and inside hospital in a community: mechanisms behind the differences in outcome and outcome in relation to time of arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20435182     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare characteristics and outcome after cardiac arrest where cardiopulmonary resuscitation was attempted outside and inside hospital over 12 years. METHODS: All out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) in G?teborg between 1994 and 2006 and all in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) in 1 of the city's 2 hospitals for whom the rescue team was called between 1994 and 2006 were included in the survey. RESULTS: The study included 2,984 cases of OHCA and 1,478 cases of IHCA. Patients with OHCA differed from those with an IHCA; they were younger, included fewer women, were less frequently found in ventricular fibrillation, and were treated later. If patients were found in a shockable rhythm, survival to 1 month/discharge was 18% after OHCA and 61% after IHCA (P < .0001). Corresponding values for a nonshockable rhythm were 3% and 21% (P < .0001). Survival was higher on daytime and weekdays as compared with nighttime and weekends after IHCA but not after OHCA. Among patients found in a shockable rhythm, a multivariate analysis considering age, gender, witnessed status, delay to defibrillation, time of day, day of week, and location showed that IHCA was associated with increased survival compared with OHCA (adjusted odds ratio 3.18, 95% CI 2.07-4.88). CONCLUSION: Compared with OHCA, the survival of patients with IHCA increased 3-fold for shockable rhythm and 7-fold for nonshockable rhythm in our practice setting. If patients were found in a shockable rhythm, the higher survival after IHCA was only partly explained by a shorter treatment delay. The time and day of CA were associated with survival in IHCA but not OHCA.
Martin Fredriksson; Solveig Aune; Angela B?ng; Ann-Britt Thor?n; Jonny Lindqvist; Thomas Karlsson; Johan Herlitz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  159     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-03     Completed Date:  2010-05-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-56     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Institution of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, G?teborg, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Emergency Medical Services*
Heart Arrest / mortality*,  therapy
Multivariate Analysis
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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