Document Detail

Cardiac arrest due to food asphyxiation in adults: resuscitation profiles and outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20627519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: Food asphyxiation is uncommon but unignorable cause of sudden death in the elderly. Several autopsy studies, which identified those at particular risk, have been conducted on the subject. Resuscitation profiles and outcomes of food asphyxiation victims presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) to the emergency department, however, have rarely been reported.
METHODS: Data on adults (> or = 20 years) presenting with OHCA after witnessed food asphyxiation were retrieved from an institutional database. Clinical variables were evaluated to identify their demographic characteristics. Their outcomes, represented by return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival rate, were also investigated.
RESULTS: Sixty-nine food asphyxiation victims presenting with OHCA were identified during the 4-year period. Food asphyxiation occurred most frequently in the age group of 71-80 years, followed by that of 81-90 years. The majority of victims had medical conditions that adversely affected mastication/swallowing, such as dementia. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed only in 26%, although bystanders often attempted to clear the airway without performing CPR. Despite the high ROSC rate of 78%, only 7% survived to discharge. Asphyxiation-ROSC interval might play a crucial role in determining the outcomes: the interval was < or = 10 min in all survivors, while it was longer than 10 min in all non-survivors.
CONCLUSION: Because of their advanced age and debilitating general condition, it may be difficult to substantially improve the outcomes of food asphyxiation victims. Effort should be directed to prevent food asphyxiation, and public education to perform standard CPR for food asphyxiation victims including the Heimlich manoeuvre is warranted.
Joji Inamasu; Satoru Miyatake; Hideto Tomioka; Toshiyuki Shirai; Masaya Ishiyama; Junpei Komagamine; Naoki Maeda; Takeshi Ito; Kenichi Kase; Kenji Kobayashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1873-1570     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-24     Completed Date:  2010-12-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1082-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital, 911-1 Takebayashi, Utsunomiya 321-0974, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Airway Obstruction / complications*,  therapy
Blood Circulation
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
Databases, Factual
First Aid / methods
Heart Arrest / etiology*,  mortality,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Survival Rate
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

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