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Cardiac Biomarkers as Indicators of Hemodynamic Adaptation during Postasphyxial Hypothermia Treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22907615     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Little is known about the effects of hypothermia on the cardiovascular system in term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy. Objectives: To evaluate whether mild hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy is cardioprotective as indicated by the cardiac biomarkers cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Methods: This was an observational cohort study of infants treated for perinatal asphyxia. In infants, mild total body hypothermia treatment of 33.5°C during 72 h was initiated (n = 20). Samples of cTnI and BNP were collected before the start of hypothermia, at 24 and 48 h after birth, and after rewarming (84 h). BNP and cTnI values were then compared with BNP and cTnI values of asphyxiated infants not treated with hypothermia (n = 28). Results: No differences were found between the groups in clinical patient characteristics or inotropic support. The hypothermia-treated patients seemed to be clinically more affected (5-min Apgar score, p < 0.05; umbilical artery pH, p = 0.08), but showed similar encephalopathy scores. Significantly lower values for BNP were found in hypothermia- compared to nonhypothermia-treated infants at 48 h and at normothermia after rewarming [144 pmol/l (95-286) vs. 75 pmol/l (45-143), 182 pmol/l (73-341) vs. 43 pmol/l (24-163)]. No differences were found for cTnI concentrations between both groups. Conclusions: The raised, but similar, cTnI values between hypothermia- and nonhypothermia-treated infants indicate similar myocardial damage in both groups. The lower BNP levels during hypothermia treatment suggest that hypothermia after perinatal asphyxia exerts a beneficial effect on cardiac function.
Authors:
D C Vijlbrief; M J N L Benders; H Kemperman; F van Bel; W B de Vries
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1661-7819     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatology     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101286577     Medline TA:  Neonatology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  243-248     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Neonatology, University Medical Center Utrecht/Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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