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Carcinogenic potency of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) on Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22057587     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is the degradation product of many fluoroderivatives and a widespread environmental contaminant. Its persistence, its long half-life in humans and its toxicity explain high concerns on human health side effects in future. PFOS is suspected to be a non-genotoxic carcinogen. In the present work, we assessed carcinogenic potential of PFOS by studying morphological transformation in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells; cell transformation of SHE cells is an in vitro assay recommended by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to detect carcinogens, genotoxic or not. Genotoxicity of PFOS and expression of PPARs genes in SHE cells were also measured. PFOS was shown to induce cell transformation (P < 0.05) at non-cytotoxic concentrations (0.2 and 2 μg/mL) (P ≤ 0.01). No genotoxic effect was recorded in the range of PFOS concentrations tested (2 × 10(-4) to 50 μg/mL) using the single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay after 5 and 24 h of exposure. The expression of PPARs genes was measured by qPCR within the first 24 h and after 7 days of PFOS treatment. Results indicated an increased expression of ppar-β/δ isoform as early as 24 h. After 7 days, the increase of ppar-β/δ mRNA was significant at the concentrations inducing cell transformation (0.2 and 2 μg/mL), while overexpression of ppar-γ and ppar-α did not closely relate to effective concentrations. The results indicate that PFOS behave as a non-genotoxic carcinogen and impacted PPARs genes. Its cell transforming potential paralleled an increased expression of ppar-β/δ.
Authors:
N Jacquet; M A Maire; Y Landkocz; P Vasseur
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0738     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417615     Medline TA:  Arch Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
CNRS UMR 7146, Laboratory Interactions Ecotoxicology Biodiversity Ecosystems (LIEBE), University of Metz, Rue du General Delestraint, 57070, Metz, France, nelly.jacquet@univ-metz.fr.
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