Document Detail


Carboxyhemoglobin trend in Chicago blood donors, 1970-1974.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  999339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An 18% reduction in the carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO) saturation in nonsmoking Chicago blood donors occurred between 1970 and 1974, indicating that current donors are being exposed to a lower average carbon monoxide (CO) concentration than had been experienced by 1970 donors. In contrast to the situation in 1970, when it was discovered that 74% of the nonsmokers in Chicago were being exposed to CO in excess of the amount permitted by the federal air quality standards, in 1974 only 41% of the nonsmokers were being overexposed. The observed reduction in HbCO correlates well with both the ambient CO levels recorded at the air monitoring stations and the reduction in CO emission from automobiles. If the current trend continues, Chicago should reach compliance with air quality standards for CO by 1985. The measurement of HbCO in a representative urban population is an accurate index of actual CO exposure and supplements the air pollution data provided by air monitoring stations.
Authors:
R D Stewart; C L Hake; A Wu; T A Stewart; J H Kalbfleisch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental health     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0003-9896     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Environ. Health     Publication Date:    1976 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-01-29     Completed Date:  1977-01-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0212627     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants
Blood Donors*
Carbon Monoxide
Carboxyhemoglobin / analysis*
Chicago
Hemoglobins / analysis*
Humans
Smoking
Urban Population
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Hemoglobins; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 9061-29-4/Carboxyhemoglobin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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