Document Detail


Carbon monoxide poisoning during ice storms: a tale of two cities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9279696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This is a retrospective case series conducted at two university hospital emergency departments of 68 patients with a discharge diagnosis of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning presenting during two different ice storms (March 1991 and February 1994) in two cities (Rochester, NY, and Nashville, TN). Fifty-five patients were seen over 10 d in Rochester and 13 patients over 4 d in Nashville. The main sources of CO exposure were the indoor use of gasoline generators (40 patients), propane or kerosene heaters (9 patients), and charcoal grills (8 patients). Six patients did not speak English fluently (5 Asian patients in Nashville and 1 Greek patient in Rochester). The use of charcoal grills was the most common CO source in Nashville, occurring exclusively in patients of Asian descent, 5 of whom did not speak English. In Rochester, the use of gas generators was the most common CO source. Ice storms represent a significant threat to populations affected by prolonged power outages. Different cities will be affected in different ways. When ice storms occur, the media should distribute information about potential sources of CO exposure. In some cases, the message may need to be distributed by alternative methods to populations who do not speak English or do not have access to mainstream media.
Authors:
K Wrenn; G P Conners
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  J Emerg Med     Publication Date:    1997 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-22     Completed Date:  1997-10-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  465-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Vanderbiit University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-4700, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Air Pollution, Indoor / adverse effects*
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Child
Child, Preschool
Communication Barriers
Electric Power Supplies
Female
Health Education
Humans
Ice
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
New York / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Seasons*
Tennessee / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ice
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Emerg Med. 1997 Jul-Aug;15(4):531-2   [PMID:  9279709 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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