Document Detail


Carbon monoxide mass transfer for syngas fermentation in a stirred tank reactor with dual impeller configurations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17326659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study compares the power demand and gas-liquid volumetric mass transfer coefficient, kLa, in a stirred tank reactor (STR) (T = 0.211 m) using different impeller designs and schemes in a carbon monoxide-water system, which is applicable to synthesis gas (syngas) fermentation. Eleven different impeller schemes were tested over a range of operating conditions typically associated with the "after large cavity" region (ALC) of a Rushton-type turbine (D/T = 0.35). It is found that the dual Rushton-type impeller scheme exhibits the highest volumetric mass transfer rates for all operating conditions; however, it also displays the lowest mass transfer performance (defined as the volumetric mass transfer coefficient per unit power input) for all conditions due to its high power consumption. Dual impeller schemes with an axial flow impeller as the top impeller show improved mass transfer rates without dramatic increases in power draw. At high gas flow rates, dual impeller schemes with a lower concave impeller have kLa values similar to those of the Rushton-type dual impeller schemes but show improved mass transfer performance. It is believed that the mass transfer performance can be further enhanced for the bottom concave impeller schemes by operating at conditions beyond the ALC region defined for Rushton-type impellers because the concave impeller can handle higher gas flow rates prior to flooding.
Authors:
Andrew J Ungerman; Theodore J Heindel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2007-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology progress     Volume:  23     ISSN:  8756-7938     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Prog.     Publication Date:    2007 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-01     Completed Date:  2007-08-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506292     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Prog     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bioreactors*
Carbon Monoxide / chemistry*,  metabolism
Fermentation*
Water / chemistry,  metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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