Document Detail

Carbon monoxide has direct toxicity on the myocardium distinct from effects of hypoxia in an ex vivo rat heart model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18211315     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity causes significant central nervous system and cardiac injury. Although the neurological damage caused by CO toxicity is extensively described, the mechanisms underlying myocardial insult are unclear. The authors used an externally perfused isolated rat heart model to examine the effects of a physiological saline solution (Krebs Henseleit HEPES, KHH) aerated with CO on cardiac function. METHODS: Fifteen rats were equally divided into three groups: the control group (KHH + 100% O(2)), the nitrogen control group (KHH + 70% O(2), 30% N(2)), and the CO group (KHH + 70% oxygen, 30% CO). Left ventricular peak systolic pressure (LVPsP), end diastolic pressure (LVEdP), and coronary perfusion pressure were measured while the isolated heart was paced and perfused on a modified Langendorf apparatus. RESULTS: Left ventricular generated pressure (LVGP = LVPsP - LVEdP) decreased in the nitrogen control and CO groups compared to the control group. There was higher LVGP in the recovery phase between the nitrogen control group compared to the CO group. Both groups had increased lactic acid levels in the experimental phase. CONCLUSIONS: Carbon monoxide with hypoxia and hypoxemic hypoxia both result in similar depression of cardiac function. Hearts poisoned with CO with hypoxia do not recover function to the extent that hearts rendered hypoxic with nitrogen do when perfused with 100% oxygen after the insult. This suggests that CO causes direct myocardial toxicity distinct from the effects of hypoxia.
Selim Suner; Gregory Jay
Related Documents :
2102795 - Effects of acute hypoxia on the normal and diseased sinus node.
21921805 - Vascular hyporeactivity to angiotensin ii and noradrenaline in a rabbit model of obesity.
2633795 - Leukotriene d4 and hypoxia: differential effects on the pulmonary and systemic circulat...
8213185 - Intense slow hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in gas-filled and liquid-filled lungs: ...
18091555 - Anatomical and functional intrapulmonary shunt in acute respiratory distress syndrome.
8425595 - Comparison of inspiratory effort in sniff-like aspiration reflex, gasping and normal br...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1553-2712     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-23     Completed Date:  2008-05-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9418450     Medline TA:  Acad Emerg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  59-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Emergency Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Carbon Monoxide / toxicity*
Disease Models, Animal
Heart / drug effects*,  physiology
Reference Values
Reg. No./Substance:
630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Acute ethanol coingestion confers a lower risk of hepatotoxicity after deliberate acetaminophen over...
Next Document:  TASER X26 discharges in swine produce potentially fatal ventricular arrhythmias.